Oral surgery, also called maxillofacial surgery. It is a specialty of dentistry that deals with several diseases. Ex: damage and flaws in the head, neck region, face, jaws as well as hard and soft tissues of the mouth, jaws and face area. While the mouth is the oral part, the jaws and face make up the maxillofacial part.
Few countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, Sweden and Israel, view oral surgery as a specialty under dentistry. Majority of other such as the UK and most parts of Europe, identify it as a specialty of both medicine and dentistry. It is compulsory that a person has both degrees in other to practice oral surgery. To qualify as an oral surgeon, an individual must graduate with a four-year degree in dentistry and fulfill an oral and maxillofacial surgery residency program for at least 4 years. The residency program also teaches specialized techniques in anesthesia and pain control.
Who is And Oral Surgeon?
An Oral Surgeon is primarily a dentist. He is specialized in surgical procedures that take place inside your mouth. An Oral & Maxillofacial surgeon is the surgeon responsible for any surgical procedure in the face, jaws and teeth .The word “Maxillofacial” comes from “Maxilla” which means upper Jaw and “Facial” which is derived from face.
What Conditions does Oral Surgeon Manage?
Oral surgery can take care of cosmetic and reconstructive requirements. You need oral surgery for impacted teeth, tooth loss (fixing dental implants), treatment of a tumor or cyst in the jaw, etc. The following conditions require the services of an oral surgeon.
When Would I be treated by an Oral Surgeon?
The most common cause that will make an appointment with an oral surgeon is surgical extraction, remove impacted tooth, and dental implant .
Why doesn’t my General Dentist do Oral surgery?
A general dentist is a well-trained dental professional in all the fields related to general dentistry . Examples of which are Tooth fillings , Root Canals , Making Dental Caps(or Crowns) , and even simple teeth extractions . Complicated extractions however , need very special skill and training as it involves incisions , bone removal and stitching . In fact , in some countries , there is a separate specialty for implant placement , named the Oral Implantologist .
The molars or wisdom teeth are the last to grow. Sometimes the jaw is not large enough to provide the needed room for them to develop. In such cases, one of the molars fail to align properly or fully come out of the gum line, becoming trapped or “impacted” in the middle of the jawbone and gum tissue. This not only results in inflammation, pain, and infection of the gums around the affected wisdom teeth. But can inflict lasting injury on the surrounding teeth, gums, and bone and occasionally leading to the development of cysts or tumors that may damage parts of the jaw. At these complications, it is recommended by dentists that impacted wisdom teeth should have them removed through Oral Surgery. Apart from wisdom teeth, other teeth can have the same problem, and will also need to be removed.
People who lost their teeth due to trauma, infections can replace them with dental implants. These implants are substitutes to your tooth. It will be surgically help in position in the jawbone, in a bid to steady the synthetic teeth to which they are attached. To be eligible for dental implants,an individual must have ample bone level and density. it should not be susceptible to infection, and is obligated to sustain good oral hygiene practices.
Uneven jaw growth
Certain individuals have an upper and lower jaw that does not grow properly. Resulting in problems with speech, eating, swallowing and breathing. This will require Oral Surgery to rearrange all or part of the upper jaw, lower jaw, or both, into a more stable, efficient, and healthy position.
Improve fit of dentures
Oral Surgery may be carried out to ensure an adequate fit by correcting any indiscretion of the jaws that were done before creating the dentures. Among those who have won dentures for longer periods, Oral surgery helps to correct situations where the supporting bones have worn out and the dentures do not fit adequately by adding a bone graft to areas where the bone have worn out.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders
TMJ dysfunction is a common cause of headache and facial pain. It can be successfully handled with a combination of oral medications, physical therapy, and splints. Advanced cased will need surgery to the TMJ, carried out by an oral surgeon.
Repair of facial injuries
Fractured jaws and wrecked facial bones is repaired by an oral surgeon.
Repair of Cleft lip and cleft palate
During fetal development, some or all sections of the mouth and nose may not have grown properly. This result in cleft lip and cleft palate. Oral surgeons work in collaboration with other health care specialists to correct these defects through a progression of surgical procedures overtime.
When all else fails, surgery may be the last option. Surgical techniques include getting rid of the soft tissues of the lower jaw.
Read more – Wonders Of A Healthy mouth